Amid an overall increase in the total number of criminal cases recorded in the nation’s capital in 2021 (compared to 2020), Delhi police said on Thursday they also reported an increase in the number of arrests during this period. , indicating that more cases have been resolved. Last year.
According to data shared by Delhi Police at its annual press conference on Thursday, even as the total number of cases registered under the various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) rose from 266,070 in 2020 to 306,389 l Last year, the number of arrests made also increased from 125,968 in 2020 to 147,115 in 2021.
Experts said the separation of public order and investigative functions, a key initiative launched by city police chief Rakesh Asthana last year, has led to an improvement not only in the quality of investigations in various criminal cases, but also to an increase in the rate of resolution of cases.
At the press conference, Asthana said an inspector from each police station had been assigned to oversee the investigations. Two other inspectors, including the station chief, oversee public order arrangements in the area.
Retired deputy police commissioner Rajender Singh, who has worked with the Delhi police for more than three decades and handled high-profile cases such as the December 2012 gang rape in Delhi, said: “Separating the duties of public order of the investigation will yield good results in the future. A police officer is considered a jack-of-all-trades and is therefore given missions. But having a dedicated survey team will improve the quality of the survey. Our cases are considered by the courts and the police are often criticized for not carrying out thorough investigations. But an initiative like this will improve the quality of the survey. In future years, we may have a senior officer, such as a co-commissioner or a special commissioner, who will only oversee investigations.
Asthana said combating cybercrimes and resolving such cases were among the top priorities for his forces. This was against the backdrop of an increase in such crimes during the lockdown, and when spikes in Covid-19 cases consequently led to a spike in fraud cases, with criminals targeting those desperate for help medical online.
Between April and May 2021, police registered 596 cases related to online fraud and arrested 291 people across the country. At least 585 bank accounts belonging to the suspects have been blocked, police data showed.
Following an increase in such cases, Asthana issued an order to set up dedicated cybercrime police stations in each police district.
On November 17, 2021, 15 cyber police stations were opened in the city. “These stations only deal with cybercrime complaints. Response times are faster, which is essential for solving cybercrimes. It has also led to a reduction in the case burden at local police stations,” Asthana said.
Data shared by the police at the press conference showed that in 2021 there was a marginal increase in the number of heinous crimes with 5,740 cases recorded under the offenses of murder, robbery, kidnapping, rape and kidnapping. . The number of such crimes in 2020 was 5,413.
Asthana said the increase in heinous crimes can be attributed to the city police’s fair and timely recording of cases, as well as a complete shutdown in 2020 due to Covid which led to a decrease overall number of reported crimes. This year.
Police also cited data from the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) – calls made to the 112 helpline – to illustrate that crime in Delhi had fallen.
Delhi Police say the number of calls made to the 112 helpline is the true indicator of crime in the city.
According to the data, the number of distress calls decreased by almost 32% in 2021 compared to 2019. The police control room in 2019 received 2,925,531 calls. This figure fell to 1,808,384 in 2020 and increased slightly to 1,977,907 last year.
Police said fewer calls were made to the police helpline in 2020 due to the lockdown, when most citizens were inside their homes, markets and offices were closed and there were fewer vehicles on the road.
Cases of kidnapping, one of the most common street crimes in the capital, rose from 9,383 last year to 7,965 in 2020, police said, but added that 17% more arrests in such cases had been made in relation to 2020.
Police said Thursday that at least 87% of the 7,326 people arrested for kidnapping were rookies.
Experts said the involvement of newbies makes it difficult for police to track them as they have no criminal record. In fact, a profile of those arrested for kidnapping shows that they are usually employees, school dropouts and illiterates, who commit the crime to make a quick buck.
Ashok Chand, a retired IPS officer who led units of the Delhi Police such as the Criminal Branch and Special Cell, said: “Tracking first offenders is difficult. Anyone with a stolen motorbike could be a potential thief in Delhi. This is why it becomes difficult to trace first offenders. Also, Delhi needs a strict purse robbery law. Haryana Police have already passed a purse robbery law, which makes it difficult for arrested thieves to get bail and also guarantees longer jail terms once they are convicted .
Among crimes against women, cases of rape have also increased, from 1,618 (up to December 15) in 2020 to 1,969 in 2021. According to data on the relationship between the rapist and the victim, 45% of Alleged rapists were family members or friends of the victims, 28% were others known to the victim, 11% were neighbors, and employees or co-workers made up 1% of the total assailants.
Talking about the various initiatives launched by the Delhi Police over the past year, Asthana said the amalgamation of Police Control Room (PCR) staff with the local police has resulted in a reduction in call response time distress from 7.5 minutes to 4.3 minutes. After taking over as Delhi Police Commissioner in July last year, one of Asthana’s first moves was to merge PCR personnel with the local police.
Previously, officials stationed in PCR vans were not supposed to investigate cases. They only responded to distress calls, visited complainants, and acted as a liaison between complainants and local police. “There are improved and more intensive patrols. The level of satisfaction of complainants has improved. A total of 5,983 police officers and 790 PCR vehicles have been transferred to police stations,” he said.