The Ministry of Education today released the Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) Report 2020-21 on School Education in India Today.
The UDISE+ system of online data collection from schools was developed by the Department of School Education and Literacy during the year 2018-19 to overcome the problems associated with the old practice of manual filling hard copy data and subsequent computer input at block or district level. level in the UDISE data collection system since 2012-13.
In the UDISE+ system, improvements have been made especially in areas related to data entry, data mapping and data verification. This publication covers UDISE+ data for the reference year 2020-21.
Students and teachers in schools:
In 2020-2021, the total number of students enrolled in primary to upper secondary school education stood at 25.38 crore. There is an increase of 28.32 lakh registrations from the 25.10 crore registration in 2019-20.
The gross enrollment ratio (GER), which measures the general level of participation, improved in 2020-21 at all levels of school education compared to 2019-20. The GER by level in 2020-21 compared to 2019-20 is: 92.2% out of 89.7% in upper primary, 99.1% out of 97.8% in primary, 79.8% out of 77.9% in secondary and 53.8% out of 51.4% in upper secondary respectively.
96.96 lakh teachers are engaged in school education in 2020-2021. This figure is about 8800 higher than the number of teachers in school education in 2019-2020.
In 2020-21, the pupil-teacher ratio (PTR) was 26 for primary, 19 for upper primary, 18 for secondary and 26 for upper secondary, showing an improvement since 2018-2019 . The PTR for primary, upper primary, secondary and upper secondary was 28, 20, 21 and 30
In 2020-21, over 12.2 million girls are enrolled from primary to upper secondary, representing an increase of 11.8 lakh girls compared to girls’ enrollment in 2019-20.
The number of non-teaching staff has also improved over the years. Total non-teaching staff in 2020-21 stood at 15.8 lakhs compared to 12.37 lakhs in 2018-19. Among non-teaching staff, the number of accountants, library assistants, laboratory assistants, chief clerks, LDC/UDC staff increased from 5.79 lakh to 7.8 lakh by adding 2, 05 lakh from 2018-19 to 2020-21.
Schools with functional electricity made impressive progress in 2020-21 with a net addition of 57,799 schools supplied with electricity. Now, 84% of the total number of schools have functional electrical installations, compared to 73.85% in 2018-2019, which shows a remarkable improvement of 10.15% during the period.
The percentage of schools with functional drinking water increased to 95.2% in 2020-21 from 93.7% in 2019-20.
The percentage of schools with functioning toilets for girls increased to 93.91% in 2020-21 from 93.2% in 2019-20 by adding the installation in 11,933 additional schools during the year.
The percentage of schools with handwashing facilities also improved in 2020-21 and now stands at 91.9% compared to 90.2% in 2019-2020.
The number of schools with working computers increased from 5.5 lakh in 2019-2020 to 6 lakh in 2020-2020, an increase of 3%. Today, 40% of schools have working computers.
The number of schools with internet facility increased to 3.7 lakh in 2020-21 from 3.36 lakh in 2019-20 with an increase of 2.6%.
Over 85.6% of schools in India had a library/reading room/reading corner in 2020-21, with a marginal improvement of 1.6% from the previous year.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on enrollment:
Although the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is cross-cutting, this is particularly noticed in the enrollment of young and vulnerable children such as pre-primary, class 1 and children with special needs (CWSN) can be attributed to the postponement of admissions due to COVID-19[FEMININE[FEMININE
In 2020-21, student enrollment in primary to upper secondary school education is about 25.4 crore. This figure is 28.3 lakh higher than the number of students enrolled in 2019-2020. However, student enrollment at pre-primary level and Grade 1 decreased by 29.1 lakh and 18.8 lakh respectively in 2020-21 compared to 2019-20. It may also be due to the postponement of school admission for young children during the pandemic.
The total student enrollment of CWSN in 2020-2021 stands at 21.69 lakh compared to 22.49 lakh in 2019-2020, which shows a decrease of 3.56% in 2020-21 compared to 2019-2020.
In 2020-2021, 39.7 lakh government students assisted, students from private schools moved to public schools
(With GDP entries)