Russian military launches own secure online network

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According to media reports, computers inside the new network are protected from connecting to data storage devices that have not passed security clearance.

Vitaly Nevar / TASS

The Russian Defense Ministry has launched a closed segment of the Internet for the transfer of classified data. Computers on the network are protected from connecting to unverified devices and access to servers is strictly controlled.

The Russian military has been given a secure network that is not connected to the global web. In the military, it is known as the “Closed Data Transfer Segment” (ZSPD).

“The last works have been completed and the network is now fully operational. We are now planning to expand it by installing additional terminals in military units and departments, ”a source told the Russian Defense Ministry to the daily Izvestiya.

According to media reports, computers inside the new network are protected from connecting to data storage devices that have not passed security clearance – USB sticks, hard drives, etc.

The Ministry of Defense now also has its own courier service, which allows the military to exchange all documents – reports, notifications, requests, etc. – including classified documents.

“Information servers have been set up in each military unit. Access to these server rooms can only be granted by the commanders of the military unit in question, ”a military industrial complex source told RBTH.

At the same time, continues the source, “top secret” and “classified” documents continue to be transferred the old way: between senior officers, person to person, in the presence of armed security personnel.

Specificities of Russian and foreign networks

“This is a network with additional protection and without access to the outside world. There are no bays for unlicensed connections, but at the same time the network has coding systems for all nodes, ”Karen Kazaryan, senior analyst at the Russian Communications Association told RBTH. electronic.

He explained that the Russian Defense Ministry started to develop secure data transfer channels during Soviet times and the current network is based on X.25 protocols, known for their high reliability.

“In their work, the military focus not so much on the speed of data transfer as on their security. In addition, in many countries the military does not seek to improve existing systems at all and can often work on systems developed decades ago, ”Kazaryan said.

He cited the United States as an example. According to Kazaryan, the Pentagon does not use next-generation networks.

“It mainly refers to strategic command. They prefer older, reliable technologies because the upgraded channels have not been tested for security, ”he said.

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