Sabina Amaricai: 6 trends in information technology in the next 3 years

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By 2021, the global information technology (IT) industry is expected to reach a value of $ 5,000 billion. As the industry is booming and new technological innovations and developments are announced daily, the IT market will be dominated over the next 3 years by technologies such as: artificial intelligence, augmented reality, blockchain and the Internet of Things, as well as an increasing demand for cybersecurity.

  • The global artificial intelligence market was valued at USD 29.86 billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 299.64 billion by 2026, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 35.6% over the forecast period 2021-2026.[1]
  • Artificial intelligence isn’t the only booming industry. The size of the global augmented reality market is expected to grow from a value of $ 17.67 billion in 2020 to $ 340.16 billion by 2028, with a CAGR of 43.8% from 2021 to 2028.[2]
  • Additionally, the Internet of Things market size is estimated to reach USD 1,854.76 billion by 2028, at a CAGR of 25.4% during the forecast period 2021-2028.[3]

Sabina Amaricai, Founder of Qualinest and Software Testing Architect looks at the 6 trends that will define the IT industry in the next 3 years.

  1. Artificial intelligence and robotic process automation

Now you can focus on what really matters to you. AI and RPA will take care of your routine tasks.

Compared to the traditional system, AI and RPA are advanced technologies – the next step. What’s so special about them that they don’t follow a predicted set of rules. Because they are “smart”, they have the ability to extrapolate behaviors and example patterns in order to establish their next step.

They can be used in the automation of repetitive human tasks, as they can predict model changes and analyze the received data almost in real time. A machine can test an application, for example, by learning user behavior.

It looks promising.

But the truth is, using a machine doesn’t necessarily lead to a flawless result. It can also be prone to failure, as it depends on the available data set.

Remember Uber’s self-driving experience? He didn’t predict that people would walk around, as that borderline scenario just wasn’t in the input data. That’s why you need to define complete data sets and dedicated quality processes before you think automation saves the day.

  1. Virtual reality and augmented reality – areas of education and medicine improved

You can watch a play like the Phantom of the Opera and still feel like you are in La Scala, Milan and certainly not in your living room. You can try on new outfits without worrying about crowded dressing rooms at your favorite stores. You can have the same morning running routine, with perfectly organized view and weather.

Augmented reality is available at all prices and at new levels, as these technologies are constantly evolving, aimed at improving your daily life.

But there is more. We are poised to use these technological advances not only for entertainment, but also for medical treatment and diagnostics. In addition, it can take education and learning to new levels, for all kinds of learners – from young children to adults of all ages.

There is obviously a need for experienced professionals in all areas of information technology.

Those who know how to work with and not against machines. Those who add their human creativity to the processing power of the machine. Those who machine predictability to limit human error. It’s the best of both worlds.

  1. The Internet of Things – or the Internet for our world.

Our homes, appliances, cars and so much more are now “online”

The internet is no longer designed for your laptop or phone.

Our homes, along with utilities and appliances, our gadgets and vehicles are now connected to the Internet. We can control them with our phones from a different location.

You can schedule them at your convenience – to make sure your home is clean and your cup of coffee is hot by the time you get home from the office.

The future is now and it looks interesting. Because today the stakes are higher than before, when we used the Internet only on our laptops and phones, security measures and the proper functioning of “things” become more important.

  1. Block chain

Blockchain is currently used with Bitcoin and, as you may know, its main advantage is that its data cannot be lost or changed. It cannot be changed under any circumstances.

Banks could greatly benefit from blockchain. Imagine the impact this can have on your financial data!

What about real estate? Find all the real information on a property you want to rent or buy? And the price history!

There are so many areas where preventing data loss or manipulation is crucial! Where the blockchain would add incredible benefits!

What we still have to consider is the generation and disinfection of stored data, as part of the different implementations using the blockchain. Experienced engineers are also in great demand here.

  1. Mobile applications

“We’ve spent 1.6 trillion hours on mobile so far in 2020,” according to Forbes.

Cell phone use has increased over the past year, in part due to Covid. But that number is unlikely to decrease significantly in the future. We have everything we need on our phones – from social media, games, books and podcasts to our banking apps and healthy habit tracker. They’re smart and use fingerprint or face recognition to log us into anything we need, even keeping us from remembering our passwords.

It’s fair to say that people will be focusing on developing new, more innovative applications on mobile technologies, for quite a while. Because we love having the world in our pockets – and that doesn’t come without challenges for growing businesses. We want cooler apps and we want them to run faster and better. To meet growing customer demand, the need for highly skilled engineers is only increasing.

  1. Cyber ​​security

I wanted to mention this at the end because while this is a standalone trend, it is part of every other trend as well.

The more digital we become, the more open we are to a cyberattack. And this is true for all of the trends mentioned above.

Cybersecurity is both a machine-generated and a human-generated concept. We can increase network security, application security, we can add firewalls and various authentication security measures. But what we cannot avoid or get around is the most important factor of all – human nature.

It becomes essential to define processes and then enforce them with guidelines, appropriate training and intelligent automation. It’s the smart and efficient way to increase the security of our systems and data.

Sabina Amaricai, Founder of Qualinest and Software Testing Architect

[1] https://www.globenewswire.com/en/news-release/2021/06/28/2253975/0/en/Global-Artificial-Intelligence-Market-Size-2021-Rise-at-35-6-CAGR- Will-Grow-to-USD-299-64-Billion-by-2026-Facts-Factors.html

[2] https://www.grandviewresearch.com/press-release/global-augmented-reality-market

[3] https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/industry-reports/internet-of-things-iot-market-100307


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